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Complete Guide to Pond Plants

At Pond Planet, we are dedicated to ensuring our customers have all the must-know information when it comes to proper pond maintenance and care. This is why we are proud to present the all-you-could-need guide to pond plants. Here you will find everything you need to know about pond plants, and how you can and should implement them into your garden pond. Find the answers to the most commonly asked questions and more information, hints and tips we think you should know.


Strictly speaking, a pond doesn’t need plants to be healthy, and some can survive on little to no foliage as long as it is properly cared for. However, pond plants are known to have a long list of benefits for your pond and so we recommend you add them to your pond anyway.

For example, pond plants provide water filtration, better clarity in the water, algae control, and more oxygen, as well as shelter for your wildlife from predators. If you do have a wildlife pond, then by having no plants you will need to go through regular water changes in order to keep nitrate levels steady. If the nitrate levels in your pond do become too high because there are no plants to make use of the compound, then algae will quickly begin to bloom.  

Overall, the benefits of filling your pond with plants make them a useful addition to your pond both for practicality and aesthetic purposes. So, we recommend seriously thinking about your decision before you decide to throw away the idea of pond plants!


Now that you know how important plants are for your pond, let's get into the details of the different types of pond plants available. The different types of pond plants available are Bog, Marginal, Submerged, and Floating.


Bog plants live in the moist soil on the edges of your pond and are often referred to as just having their ‘feet wet’, meaning just their roots. Typically, bog plants can’t survive in the deeper water depths but are perfect for framing your pond for a seamless aesthetic.

Popular Bog Plants:

• Sarracenia: Similarly known as "Carnivorous Plants" or "Pitcher Plants"

• Gunnera Manicata: Also referred to as “Giant Brazilian Rhubarb” 


Marginal plants are available in a wider selection of styles, both blooming and not. These plants are perfect for adding more character to your pond and are planted in the shallower depths of the pond.

Popular Marginal Plants:

• Aquatic Iris: There are many varieties of this plant when it comes to colours and sizes.

• Rush - Juncus: These plants make the perfect backdrop for flowering plants, as well as adding more texture and colour.

• Cattail - Typha: Another plant known for adding texture and interest to your pond landscape. 


As the name suggests, submerged pond plants grow beneath the water surface. They are known for their fast growth, and also provide excellent coverage for fish and other wildlife.

Popular Bog Plants:

• Hornwort: Popular for its oxygenating properties and hardiness, hornwort plants are easy to grow making them perfect   for beginners.

• Waterweed: Another fast-growing plant, waterweed can quickly become overgrown if not properly maintained.

• Eelgrass: This plant is perfect for deep ponds as the Vallisneria Americana species of eelgrass is known for growing extra-long stems.


Not only do floating pond plants look great and add more character to your pond, they also keep your pond cooler, cleaner, and safer for fish.

Popular Floating Plants:

• Water Lettuce: Popular for its easy care, water lettuce plants are appreciated for their decorative and lettuce-like growth pattern, hence the name.

• Water Hyacinth: This plant is the perfect option if you’re looking to add vibrant colour to your pond.• Salvinia Natans: A fast-growing plant, the salvinia natans are often grown as an excellent source of food for Koi and goldfish.


Now that you have an idea of the different types of pond plants available, you should consider which options will be the right choice for your pond. Of course, every pond setup and layout is unique, so take the time to determine which pond plants will suit your pond best. Explore our full guide to choosing the right pond plants today for all the information, tips and advice you could need.


Once you have chosen the perfect plants for your pond, you need to be aware of how exactly you should plant and maintain them. This ensures that your pond plants will grow and thrive in your pond with proper maintenance and care. For an informative guide on how to plant pond plants, read our article available online now.


If you’re concerned about the maintenance of your pond plants, then don’t forget to consider how many oxygenating plants you have in your pond. Oxygenating plants are important in keeping your pond healthy and help to prevent your pond from becoming stagnant. To determine the right number of oxygenating plants you should plant in your pond, we recommend 3 bunches of oxygenating plants for every m². To find out more about oxygenating plants, browse our full informative guide today.


The best time to plant your pond plants is during the spring or early summer. In these warmer seasons, your pond's natural temperature is also warmer which means in turn that plants are ready to bloom. If you can, you should begin planting in the spring if possible, as this will allow your pond plants more time to establish themselves, however you can plant them at any point during the growing season.