The Beginner’s Guide to Fish Food
For happy and healthy fish, it is your responsibility to ensure you’re feeding them the best and most appropriate fish food. But with so many options available, we understand that it can be confusing deciding which fish food is the ‘right kind’. At Pond Planet, we are committed to ensuring our customers have thriving aquariums, which is why we have put together the beginner’s guide to fish food. Here you will learn about all the different fish food types, which you should choose, and what is the most appropriate option for your aquarium.
Explore our all-you-could-need guide today, and don’t forget to shop our wide range of fish food available online now.
Different Types of Fish Food
Let’s get started by breaking down the different types of fish food on the market. Getting a good understanding of what types of fish food there are available, you can get an accurate idea of what options you should be looking out for.
Sinking pellets are typically fed to larger fish, such as cichlids. As the name suggests, this fish food sinks to the base of the aquarium making it ideal for mid to bottom feeding fish species. Sinking foods contain all the vital vitamins and nutrients to ensure a balanced diet. They are also preferential for slower moving fish varieties.
A preferential staple among the aquarium community, flake fish food is one of the most popular options on the market. Whether fed to the fish whole or broken up and pushed beneath the water for mid-water feeders, there are a wide variety of flake foods available for different types of fish. Ingredients in each flake food type are selected specifically for the diet and behaviour of different fish species.
Due to their prolonged floating time, you can also get a good observation of your fish’s feeding habits to ensure healthy diets.
Made from a mix of algae and other ingredients, algae wafers are similar to pellets and flakes but instead are used to satisfy the needs of algae-eating fish. The content of vegetables and protein in algae wafers ensure that fish have a perfectly optimised level of nutrition, and they promote better health and growth. Algae wafers do not contain any live, active or growing algae, so you needn’t worry about algae growing or multiplying in your tank, if the wafers are left uneaten.
Typically, algae wafers are used most often for bottom-feeding fish, as they are very concentrated foods.
Liquid Fry Food
This food type is used for fry and sometimes other small fish species. The supply of fry food should be continuous until they can eat traditional foods, and so it is important to keep a well-stocked supply on hand. At Pond Planet, we recommend using brine shrimp fry food, as these shell-less brine shrimp eggs ensure there is no shell that the fry may become constipated with. Plus, this fry food also offers the same levels of nutrition as a fully hatched adult shrimp.
Frozen Fish Food
One of the best ways to give fresh food to your fish is frozen fish foods, such as bloodworms, krill, and daphnia, which offer excellent nutritional values as they are unprocessed. Frozen fish food also retains significantly more fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals when compared to dry or freeze-dried fish food. Plus, there are many benefits to using frozen fish food in your aquarium, including boosting colouration, stimulating eating, and maintaining a healthy appetite and immune system for your fish.
Did you know that it’s not just strictly fish food products that your fish can eat? There are many foods in your fridge that are both beneficial and tasty to your aquarium life. Once in a while, many fish will enjoy munching on a leaf of romaine lettuce, or peas are also a fantastic option that can relieve constipation in some species, like fancy goldfish. Almost any fish that enjoys eating plants or algae will eat sliced and boiled courgette. You can experiment with different fruits, such as apples, grapes, bananas and melons, in small chunks. Although, we do not recommend feeding your fish fruit in saltwater tanks, as this will introduce sugar into your water which may have detrimental effects.
Which Fish Food Should I Use?
Now that you have read our breakdown of the different fish food types, you may still be questioning which option you should use? Between these types, there is no definitive answer of one type of fish food being better than the rest, but you should still try to make an informed decision based on the types of fish that you keep. For this reason, we recommend floating fish food, such as flake food, for surface-eating fish. For fish that prefer to stay close to the substrate in your tank, choose sinking fish foods, like algae wafers and sinking pellets, instead. When introducing new foods into your fish tank, always monitor closely whether it is eaten or not. Remove any unwanted food from the water promptly after 5 minutes, otherwise, it may foul the water.