Planning A Garden Pond Step By Step


If you’re considering adding a pond to your garden then it is vital you get the basics in hand before you buy your materials. There are a few factors that may help you determine the overall look and design of your garden pond in the first initial planning stages. From the pond position to the size, shape, depth and aesthetic – it is important you take into consideration your garden as a whole prior to starting the process.

Firstly it is important to keep your budget in mind, when it comes to designing and upgrading an element of a garden, as it can be quite a costly affair. However if you consider a few of our key stages we are sure you’ll be able to create the perfect pond for you.


Remember, once you have created your pond it is very hard to move it, with this in mind finding the right place for your garden pond is vital. Be aware of your surroundings, keep an eye out for drains, cables and pipes. Not only is finding the correct position for your pond essential for your viewing but it can also be the key to the success of the pond in years to come. Look for an area that is prone to sunlight, we would advise finding a space that welcomes at least 8 hours of sunlight a day! Stay away from trees and shrubs, as any fall out can be the cause of decay and the increased formation of algae – a green pond is not a healthy pond.


Once you have considered the above points it comes down to personal taste. For those who are looking to add a relaxing element to their pond with a classic water feature, remember that you will need to position yours near a power source. Opting for an area of land that is slightly raised or on a higher point is the best choice for waterfalls and features. Why not consider adding a pond near your patio or seating area, this way you are able to enjoy your pond and the wildlife surrounding it in a tranquil environment.

Size & Depth

Before you begin to dig out your pond, ensure you keep in mind your desired dimensions and the depth you would like to make your pond. Depending on what you intend to use your pond for, will help you determine the depth of your pond. Take into consideration the plants you will want to surround the area with as well as any wildlife that you may want to add at a later date. If you have already eagerly purchased your plants, check their requirements – the spread and any special conditions the plants may need in the long run.

Once you have settled on the dimensions, it is a good idea to mark out the desired shape and size with a garden hose, spray paint or string. This way you are able to visualise the pond a little easier against other aspects of your garden.


Preparation & Construction

The next step is to dig out your pond, so if you’re confident in what you have marked out, now is the time to start preparing the foundations. You can either dig out the pond by hand or with the use of a digger – this is completely your decision! Our advice would be that when it comes to shaping the pond, this should be done by hand as it will prove for a more accurate finish.

Use wooden pegs and a spirit level to ensure the pond is level at all times during the shaping process. It is vital that the pond and all shelves are level from start to finish; remove any stones as these can be detrimental to the foundations and ensure plant pockets remain flat. If you find that your foundations are not structurally sound, why not consider using cement to secure the structure?

Conditions to look out for…

    • Pebbles, stones, sharp debris – can be detrimental to pond liner
    • Flinty foundations – can prove hard to shape and may collapse in the future
    • Rocky ground – does not hold shape over time
  • Boggy ground – may need further attention, raise above water level

Pond liner can be expensive so it is a good idea to take the time to remove any sharp debris from the overall foundations.

The next stage for any pond once it has been dug out and shaped, is to line with sand or pond underlay. You should look to filling the foundations with a firm layer of sand (several centimeters). The sand or underlay will act as a cushion for the pond liner, which can be drawn around to shape the pond. Depending on the size of your pond you may want to consider adding a jetty to your pond to make maintenance of plants that little bit easier. Alternatively you can access anything that may be out of reach by getting into the pond. Why not make this a little bit easier during the planning stages and create a point of access into the pond with a step system that is free from any plants.

Ensure you have everything you need to complete the construction process with our pond construction materials and accessories here at Pond Planet.


Shelves & Pockets

Plant shelves and pockets are essential if you are looking to add shrubs and foliage to your garden pond. Adding a variety of levels to your pond will make for an excellent place to hold pond baskets, allowing you to tier your plants around the water.

Planting pockets enable you to create a natural look in your pond, providing neat spaces for plants to grow naturally yet contained. It is important to take into consideration that some plants can be quite uncontrollable and may suit being planted in a basket over a pocket. This can be determined by the planting requirements on each individual item.

Keep your pond water healthy and clean with a variety of plants, it is important to have a mix of submerged oxygenators, floating plants and deep water plants. Not only do plants help create a balanced and aesthetically pleasing pond, but they also play a vital part of maintaining the health of the pond.

Here at Pond Planet we have everything you need to create the garden pond for you, so make sure you check out our complete range online today.

Comments are closed here.